Water droplet photography tutorial

Water Droplet photography tutorial.
A step by step guide on how to take water droplet images like the ones i have taken below, using a dslr and off camera flash.

I’ve always wanted to capture water droplets as I find the uniqueness of the shapes fascinating.

When I first started out in photography back in 2011,  I tried capturing several shots of water droplets and had great fun experimenting and learning.

My set up back then was on a budget and apart from the camera equipment, I used d.i.y material sourced from around the house and the local stationary store.

This guide will show you ‘step by step’ what I used to take the water droplet photos I have posted.

Step 1: camera settings

tamron 90mm speedlite wireless trigger photography

In order to take sharp macro shots with your dslr, especially of water droplets , you will need to have a dedicated macro lens. A cheaper option would be to buy a close up lens or use extension tubes for your existing lens.

You will also need at least one, off camera flash unit, this can be a TTL compatible flash or any 3rd party flash used on manual mode, with a wireless remote trigger and shutter release cable (i use a £20 2nd hand flash – set to ‘manual’ mode )

Camera settings

f11 aperture
1/125 shutter speed
200 iso

I also experimented with the cameras WB to change the colour range in some shots.

My Equipment:
Nikon D5000 dslr camera (you can use any camera that allows you to change aperture and shutter speed)
Tamron 90mm Macro lens (try macro functions, extension tubes if you do not have a dedicated macro lens)
Off camera Flash x 1 (if you have more use them but for basic images like what I have taken here 1 is enough)
3 x Wireless remote trigger (you could use the  flash sync mode, camera timer or ttl if this option is not for you)
1 x mini tripod (mine is like a gorillapod but doesnt have a name and was alot cheaper £8.99)
1 x 5in1 reflector (mine is 22″ £4.99 )

 

Step 2: Equipment for diy studio set up

reflector highspeed photography dslr camera

Additional Equipment
1x step ladders (anywhere/anything else a bag of water can be suspended from – possibly a door frame)
1 x glass pyrex kitchen cooking bowl (£2.99)
1 x black clipboard (£0.69)
1 x pack of neon paper (£0.50)
1 x pack of holographic paper (£0.50)you will also need a container or bag for the water to drop out of and something to seal the bag withWhat I am using:
1 x fold over sandwich bag (pack of 50 £0.50)
2 x stationary clips (pack of 12 (£0.69)
1 x Badge or safety pin (£0.10)

Step 3: Setting up the equipment

high speed water drop photography tutorial

Setting up the equipment

Place the glass bowl underneath the ladders and place the black clip board behind the glass bowl – Now place your flash to the side of the glass bowl and facing the clip board, position your camera (not shown in these clips) on the tripod approx 12″ away from where the water droplet should fall

The black clipboard can hold any background paper or card you wish to use and will change the colours of your water droplet pictures – try different designs and textures for some amazing images through the water.

You can also try using a reflector as a background and bouncing the flash off the reflector for more colour ranges in your droplets. Or try placing different coloured card underneath the glass dish – (for my droplet images I used black card under the glass bowl.

Once you have set up your equipment, its now time to be a big kid again and play & experiment with water Yeay :)
Just make sure you have a towel or cloth ready to wipe up any splashes – remember camera’s and water –do NOT mix !!!!

Step 4: Preparing the water for the droplets

diy water drop photography guide step by step
Fill the glass bowl with  water – I fill mine halfway (1″) – I have been told the shallower the water, the more crown type water shots – the deeper the water the more chance of water orbs and columns – choose whichever style suits you best :)Then with the remaining water from the jug, fill the plastic bag 1/3 with water
seal the bag – or fold over like the bag i used for my photos
Clip the two stationary clips to the top of the bag so it is secure (or use sticky tape or masking tape)Attach the bag to the underneath of the ladder using the clips to secure, if your ladder doesnt have anywhere for the clips to attach you could also try using some garden wire to attach the clips to the ladder.

Step 5: Releasing the droplet

water droplet photography help dslr

Make a small hole in the bag of water with a safety pin from the badge, this allows droplets to fall into the glass bowl at a slow steady rate. – You can also experiment with different sizes of holes to reduce or increase the flow rate of the water.

Step 6: Focus where the droplet will be landing

 Focusing water droplet photography tutorial

I used a serrated edged knife to focus my lens, approx 2cm above the point at which the droplet hits the water in the bowl. – if you dont have a knife or you want to use something safer, you can also use a ball point pen or ruler to focus the camera on the spot at which you want to capture the detail like shown below.

water droplet photography focusing dslr camera

Another handy tip is to point a torch at the spot when you are focusing on the knife/pen as this helps your eyes get a sharp focus

Step 7: Start clicking and capture your perfect water droplet

double water droplet photography highspeed crimson

The rest is down to timing and personal preference – count how long your droplets take to hit the water, press your remote trigger or set the timer for the moments after the droplet hits the surface of the water – remember a droplet performs a crown a stalk and then an orb if the water is deep enough.

  • Take lots of shots, dslr cameras can cope with this – have fun learning what the droplets do with the rate of flow
  • The water in the bag lasts for about half and hour before the droplets slow down
  • Remember to use a shutter release cable a wireless remote trigger or the timer on your camera to take the shots, this avoids camera shake and gives you a clearer shot
  • Also experiment with different backgrounds and droplet heights for more effects
  • Try changing the power and the angle of the flash and also try the flash hand held – for different lighting effects –

Step 8: last words

water drop photography nikon highspeed camera

The possibilities are endless – just let your imagination run away with you and enjoy capturing the uniqueness of water drops

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